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How to resolve require the cfnRole option warning for serverless framework

Serverless framework is an awesome tool for AWS lambda. For a new project, if you have seen this warning when deploying:

Warned - no cfnRole set:
Require the cfnRole option, which specifies a particular role for CloudFormation to assume while deploying.

It is a typical permission problem, let’s see how to solve it.

1. Open your AWS Console

Find the Roles section:

  • IAM -> Access management -> Roles

Click the Create Role button

2. Create role

  • Select type of trusted entity: AWS Service
  • Choose a use case: CloudFormation

Click the Next:Permission button at bottom.

3. Attach permissions policies

Select the permissions that you need:

For me they are:

  • *AWSConfigRole
  • *AWSLambdaFullAccess
  • *IAMFullAccess
  • *AmazonAPIGatewayAdministrator
  • AWSCloudFormationFullAccess
  • AmazonCognitoPowerUser

The permissions with * are must-have. Actually, you can fully tweak the IAMFullAccess, but it lacks information.

Then you can next to the end.

4. Edit trust relationship

  • Click the role you just created, then click Trust relationships tab.
  • Click Edit trust relationship button.
  • You can see a json there, add "lambda.amazonaws.com" to Statement.Principal.Service, make it an array if it is not.

The result looks like this:

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{
"Version": "2012-10-17",
"Statement": [
{
"Sid": "",
"Effect": "Allow",
"Principal": {
"Service": ["lambda.amazonaws.com", "cloudformation.amazonaws.com"]
},
"Action": "sts:AssumeRole"
}
]
}

5. End

That’s all, hope it helps.

Thanks for reading!

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